Part Two: Resources
Locate at least 20 math and/or science internet resources that could support your thematic unit. Include ideas how you could integrate 10 of these resources in the activities you have already created for your thematic unit. Include the content or industry standards these resources will address (from the foundation of your thematic unit).
Savage Earth: PBS Online provides this resource, which gives an interesting take on “Mountains of Fire.” Learn about the basics of volcanoes along with some additional facts. You can also use The Hot Zones animation to watch a volcano erupt. This site has video streams and animation clips explaining volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis. Tells the stories of these great natural disasters, the scientists who struggle to understand and predict them, and the people whose lives are forever changed by their merciless force. Students will get a chance to investigate streaming videos on volcano eruptions creating the connection of real world earth science. Students will get a chance to evaluate the variety of information presented and can use this data in their Volcano research notebook.
Ready.gov provides information on volcanoes and what to do in case of an emergency. This site would work well with my Volcano Thematic Unit as it talks about how volcanic eruptions can cause other natural hazards including earthquakes, mudflows and flash floods, rock falls and landslides, acid rain, fire, and (under special conditions) tsunamis.
PPHET Wave on a string Simulation: Watch a string vibrate in slow motion. Wiggle the end of the string and make waves, or adjust the frequency and amplitude of an oscillator. Adjust the damping and tension. The end can be fixed, loose, or open. This tool would be a great resource for teaching about seismic waves in relationship to an earth quake. This activity is inquiry based. The simulation will be used as the introduction to wave properties and behavior for mechanical waves. Seismic waves are the waves of energy caused by the sudden breaking of rock within the earth or an explosion. They are the energy that travels through the earth and is recorded on seismographs. Research could be done to discover seismic wave frequencies, then the simulation could be adjusted to determine the force of the waves. You can pause the simulation, and then set the parameters. In a demonstration, it would provide easy opportunity to ask “What if..? You could use the simulation as many times as needed, and you can record your results.
Discovery Kids – Make a Volcano: This website, provided by Discovery Communications, offers the Volcano Explorer allows kids to delve deep within the earth from the comfort of a classroom. On the website, you can build your own volcano by changing the gas and viscosity settings and watch it spew lava! This is a great simulation involving volcanoes. This can be used for volcanic research in my Volcano Thematic unit as an investigative principle.
FEMA for Kids: Volcanoes: The Federal Emergency Management System has created this kid-friendly site. Here, you’ll find information about Mount St. Helens; learn about the volcano goddess Pele, and much more.
Plate Tectonics: This website is perfect for teaching elementary-school children about volcanoes. It provides three lesson plans: investigating the parts of a volcano, comparing volcano parts to different models using a lab with toothpaste, baking soda, and vinegar, and comparing volcanoes all over the world. Through scientific inquiry students will get a chance to investigate how plate techtonics related to volcanic eruptions.
Quiz Your Noodle: Volcanoes: National Geographic Kids offers this interactive quiz for kids to test their knowledge of volcanoes. Do you know which volcano buried Pompeii? Even if you do, this quiz is a fun way to learn something new or freshen up on knowledge you missed while passing notes in geology class. Students will get to see how much they know about explosive mountains. Good for review of student’s knowledge on volcanoes.
Mount St. Helens Pictures: Before and After the Blast: National Geographic’s Mount St. Helens slide show provides images of before and after. This resource can be used to collect information about an active volcano in Oregon. There are also addition links for further investigation. Mathematic resource: All information can be used when students create a spreadsheet of information about volcanoes.
Graph a volcano: Mathematic resource: Students create bar graphs showing the relative volume of eruptions listed in a table. Objectives: Students read information in a table and transfer information from the table to a graph. Provide students with an online or printed version of the Eruption Summary: Mount St. Helens Eruptions Since May 18, 1980. Ask students to create a chronological bar graph showing the volume of each volcano.
Volcano ThinkQuest: This website provides a volcano quest made by students for students. This would be a perfect fit for a research stage in my Volcano Thematic Unit. Students get a chance to investigate: volcanic structures, eruptions, hotspots, type of eruptions, features, effects, power, hazards, predictions and advantages. Students can relate information presented in this quest for relating to how other students have presented their findings about volcano research.
Decade Volcano Map: Explore the 16 volcanoes that have been designated as Decade Volcanoes by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior. This interactive site lets students view the information from sixteen volcanos worthy of study because of their explosive histories. Students will be able to gather scientific data about these volcanoes and to increase awareness of the dangers they present. This resource will be beneficial for students to gather statistical information that can be used as mathematical investigation. The information can be put into a spreadsheet, then make graphs about statistical information entered.
Mud Volcano Interactive National Geographic: Click on the dots to explore a cross section of the area and see what geologist Richard Davies believes caused the disaster. Students will learn the cause and effects of a mud volcano. This fits in with the Volcano Thematic Unit as part of volcanic inquiry.
USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO) : The U.S. Geological Survey’s Cascades Volcano Observatory Website, which focuses on hazards, activity, history, and monitoring of volcanoes, with emphasis on volcanoes of the Western United States. This site is created by the U.S. Geological Survey and is another great site for students to study volcanos.
NOVA Under the City: NOVA investigates the dangers of Nyiragongo volcano, located in a densely populated valley in the heart of Africa. summarizes evidence showing a very active volcanic system that could quickly erupt stored magma, flood the city with lava in minutes, and release toxic gases from the nearby lake—all of which could lead to a catastrophic natural disaster. This resource provides students with another real world scientific inquiry and what could happen in just minutes of an eruption.
Nature Wages War: Volcanoes: Beautiful and terrifying at the same time, volcanoes are a thrill ride into the Earth’s inner workings. The Web gives us many ways to learn and explore this strange phenomenon and what insight it provides about the planet’s past and future. Students will enjoy this tutorial on volcanoes, which takes a comprehensive look at the science and mechanics of the event: what the types of eruptions are, what kind of landforms volcanoes produce and much more. Developed by San Diego State University
How Volcanoes Work : This website is a comprehensive educational resource that describes the science behind volcanoes and volcanic processes.
Current Seismicity : Current seismicity lists provided by the U.S. Geological Service.
Volcano World: This website is an educational resource that describes the science behind volcanoes and volcanic processes. Students can find information about: Volcanic folklore, extraterrestrial volcanoes, and volcanologists. Oregon State University offers this interesting web resource, which includes everything you might need concerning volcanoes. The academic side of the website offers interesting highlights from around the world, including Obama’s need to leave Indonesia because of volcanic ash; the playful side offers volcano factoids, games, and an art gallery.
Volcano’s Deadly Warning: Scientists have long worked to find reliable prediction methods for volcanic eruptions. NOVA chronicles scientists’ efforts in this area, focusing on one volcanologist’s unique way of predicting eruptions. Student objectives are to explore constructive and destructive interference of sine waves and plot a complex wave.
Cascade Volcano and other North America Volcano Web Cams: This page shows views of weather conditions throughout the Cascade Range from British Columbia to California, with a bonus section at the end looking at other skiable volcanoes in North America plus Hawaii. There are now 90 webcams shown on this page and well over 200 more webcams linked from it, along with over 1500 total camera views shown on the ten linked Mountain WebCams pages. In clear weather, this page regularly shows over 25 of the Cascade volcanoes (with several others visible occasionally when cameras are aimed in alternate directions), plus over 35 other volcanoes in the rest of North America and Hawaii. This page now covers about 1/4 of the Pacific Ring of Fire, extending from the Aleutian Islands of Alaska through the West Coast and down to Mexico. In addition, the newer Volcano WebCams around the Pacific Ring of Fire and Beyond page (created in November 2009) shows views of over 60 other skiable volcanoes around the rest of the Ring of Fire and throughout the world. Students can use this to get real time video feed of volcanos. In addition there is information about each volcanoes location and height. This resource would useful for students in creating statistical information about volcanoes. Information presented includes location and height of each volcano.
Alaska Volcano Observatory : Alaska Volcano Observatory home page. The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) is a joint program of the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAFGI), and the State of Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys (ADGGS). AVO was formed in 1988, and uses federal, state, and university resources to monitor and study Alaska’s hazardous volcanoes, to predict and record eruptive activity, and to mitigate volcanic hazards to life and property. Student will be able to: To conduct monitoring and other scientific investigations in order to assess the nature, timing, and likelihood of volcanic activity; To assess volcanic hazards associated with anticipated activity, including kinds of events, their effects, and areas at risk; and to provide timely and accurate information on volcanic hazards, and warnings of impending dangerous activity, to local, state, and federal officials and the public.
The Pacific Northwest Seismic Network: The PNSN is responsible for the routine seismic monitoring of the Cascade Range volcanoes in Oregon and Washington and coordinates very closely with the Cascade Volcano Observatory (CVO) of the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program who monitor many other parameters and have the mandate to study and evaluate all volcanic hazards. There is a weekly update provided by the CVO for Cascade Volcano status. Students can get current information on seismic activity about the Cascade Range of volcanoes. Statistical data can be entered on a spreadsheet and then create graphs for scientific inquiry.
Volcano ThinkQuest: Teaching about volcanoes using Volcanoes Online will be a lot more fun and exciting! Students can learn about volcanoes and test their knowledge using the review questions or games!
SCIENCE AS INQUIRY
Develop students’ abilities to do and understand scientific inquiry.
- Identify questions; design and conduct scientific investigations to answer those questions.
- Employ tools to gather, analyze, and interpret data.
- Use data to construct reasonable explanations.
- Develop and communicate investigations and evidence.
- Understand that scientists use different kinds of investigations and tools to develop explanations using evidence and knowledge.
CONTENT: EARTH SCIENCE
Develop students’ understanding of the structure of the earth.
- Landforms are the result of a combination of destructive forces, such as erosion, and constructive forces, such as deposition of sediments.
- The surface of the earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes and others are due to rapid processes.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Develop students’ understandings about science and technology.
- Scientists work collaboratively in teams and use tools and scientific techniques to make better observations.